Marc Rufer 03 Mar 2015 Java logging Log4j
This blog post treats some useful information concerning logging with the logging framework Log4j version 2. The post covers the different log levels, the configuration for a rolling file appender and some information regarding performance.
The logging framework Log4j is a Java Open Source project, which is part of the logging project of the [Apache Software Foundation}(http://www.apache.org/). It’s one of the most used logging frameworks.
Log4j provides different log levels, which are listed and shortly described below
||Detailed logging i.e. for comments|
||Debug logs for analyzing and troubleshooting bugs|
||Common information about application execution like “Execution started”,..|
||Logging unexpected occurrences|
||Exception logging (i.e. catched exceptions)|
||Critical errors and program termination|
A common use case is configuring the logging framework to log some specific log messages or even all log messages to a file. With Log4j this can be done by adding the following configuration to the
The first line sets the log level for the package
DEBUG and sets the log appender. Lines 4 to 9 configure the log appender named
ROLLINGFILEAPPENDER. Besides the path and name of the file there are as well properties provided to set the maximal file size, maximal file backup count and of course the layout of the log messages.
To optimize logging performance it’s advisable to use the methods, which take a string with placeholders and a list of objects as parameters (see
Sample 2 and
Sample 3). The advantage to use the placeholder variant instead of method with string parameter like in
Sample 1 is, that the toString()-method of object arguments will only be evaluated, if the corresponding log level is activated. In
Sample 1 the String will be built in every case. If you have a lot of debug logs with rich toString-logic this could be an issue.
For more information about Log4j consult the Log4j manual